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Westminster Abbey has been a spot of worship for the Royal Household for hundreds of years, been the venue for each coronation since 1066 and the venue for royal weddings and funerals. This text will look at the royal weddings which have taken place at Westminster Abbey between 1919 to the newest wedding ceremony, held there in 2011.
Princess Patricia of Connaught (1919)
Born Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth, Princess Patricia was a grandchild of Queen Victoria and was born on the 17 March 1886 in Buckingham Palace. Her mother and father have been Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, and her mom was Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. The Princess was thought-about probably the most eligible royal princesses of the time and spent elements of her early life in each India, the place her father was within the military, and Canada, the place the Duke was posted as Governor Basic.
On the 27th February 1919, Princess Patricia married Commander Alexander Ramsay at Westminster Abbey, within the first royal wedding ceremony to be held on the Abbey since 1382. After her marriage, the Princess relinquished the title of ‘Her Royal Highness’ and was styled Woman Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth Ramsay, by royal warrant. Regardless of forsaking her royal title, Woman Patricia remained within the line of succession and continued to attend royal occasions. Woman Patricia and her husband had one youngster, Alexander, who was born in December 1919. Woman Patricia died on the 12th January 1974 and is buried in Frogmore, Windsor, together with her husband, who died in 1972.
Princess Mary (1922)
Princess Mary was born Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary on the 25th April 1897 at York Cottage, Sandringham and was the one daughter of King George V and Queen Mary. Through the First World Warfare, the Princess accompanied her mom on many journeys to hospitals and welfare organisations, and through her lifetime was related to organisations such because the Woman Guides and people involved with nursing and army welfare. On the 28th February 1922, Westminster Abbey was the venue of the wedding of Princess Mary to Henry, Viscount Lascelles, who later turned the sixth Earl of Harewood. The marriage featured in lots of trend magazines – the primary of which to take action. The Princess and her husband had two sons, Gerald and George, who would later turn into the seventh Earl of Harewood. The Princess died at Harewood on the 28 March 1965, surviving her husband, who died in 1947.
Woman Elizabeth Bowes Lyon (1923)
The wedding of Woman Elizabeth Bowes Lyon (who turned the Duchess of York) to Prince Albert, Duke of York in 1923 noticed the start of a royal custom which continues to this present day.
Woman Elizabeth was born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes Lyon on the 4th August 1900 in Hertfordshire. When her father turned the Earl of Strathmore in 1904 and inherited the household seat of Glamis Citadel, Elizabeth assumed the title of ‘Woman.’
On the 26th April 1923, Woman Elizabeth married Prince Albert, Duke of York, who would later turn out to be King George VI. After getting into the Abbey, Woman Elizabeth paused on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and positioned her wedding ceremony bouquet there in remembrance of the sacrifice of the First World Warfare, and it’s believed in reminiscence of her brother Fergus, who had been killed in 1915 on the Battle of Loos. The putting of the bouquet at this memorial is now a practice which is maintained to this present day, because the bouquets of the newest royal brides, the Duchess of Sussex and Princess Eugenie, have been positioned on the tomb a day after their respective weddings in Windsor.
After the abdication of King Edward VIII, the Duchess of York turned Queen Elizabeth as her husband was topped King. After the accession of her daughter in 1952, the Queen turned generally known as the Queen Mom. The Queen Mom died on the 30th March 2002 and is buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, alongside her husband and youthful daughter, Princess Margaret.
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark (1934)
Eleven years later, on the 29th November 1934, the Abbey was the venue for the situation of the wedding between Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark to Prince George, Duke of Kent who was the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary. Princess Marina was born on the 13 December 1906, the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark and Grand Duchess Elena of Russia.
The marriage in 1934 was broadcast on the radio on the time – the ‘wi-fi’ – and was the primary royal wedding ceremony to be conveyed on this method. After the ceremony on the Abbey, a Greek ceremony was held privately at Buckingham Palace. In 1942, the Duke of Kent was killed in an air accident in Scotland, throughout lively service with the RAF, and was buried at Frogmore, Windsor. Princess Marina remained an important a part of the Royal Household and continued to finish official duties. Princess Marina, who had three youngsters together with her husband, died at Kensington Palace in 1968 and was buried at Frogmore.
Princess Elizabeth (1947)
The wedding of Princess Elizabeth to Philip Mountbatten on the 20th November 1947 was a joyous event for a nation which had lately endured the Second World Warfare. The Princess was born in Mayfair on the 21st April 1926 and was the eldest daughter of the Duke and Duchess of York, later to turn out to be King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. Princess Elizabeth met Prince Philip in 1934, on the wedding ceremony of Princess Marina and Prince George. Philip attended the Royal Naval School in Dartmouth assembly the Princess once more there in 1939. Their engagement was introduced in July 1947.
The marriage was broadcast by the BBC to an viewers of roughly 200 million individuals around the globe. Earlier than the marriage, Philip relinquished the titles he inherited at start (Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark), and on the day of the marriage was given the title of the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich of Greenwich. On account of rationing, which was nonetheless in place due to the warfare, Princes Elizabeth used clothes ration coupons to pay for her gown.
Princess Elizabeth acceded to the throne on the event of her father’s dying in 1952 to turn out to be Queen Elizabeth II, and is now each Britain and the world’s longest reigning monarch, celebrating her Sapphire Jubilee in February 2017. The Queen and Prince Philip have been married for 71 years and have 4 youngsters: Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
Princess Margaret (1960)
The subsequent wedding ceremony to be held on the Abbey was that of Queen Elizabeth II’s sister, Princess Margaret, in 1960. Margaret was the youthful daughter of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (Queen Mom) and was born at Glamis Citadel on the 21st August 1930.
Princess Margaret was engaged to Anthony Armstrong Jones in February 1960, they usually have been married on the sixth Might that yr. Anthony Armstrong Jones was a photographer who Margaret had met two years beforehand. The marriage was the primary to be televised and was watched by an viewers worldwide of roughly 300 million.
The Princess was given away by her brother in regulation, the Duke of Edinburgh and wore a gown designed by Norman Hartnell (who additionally designed the marriage gown of Princess Margaret’s sister, Princess Elizabeth) in a method that’s nonetheless thought-about amongst probably the most trendy for royal brides. In 1961, Anthony Armstrong Jones was given the title of the Earl of Snowdon. After the start of two youngsters, David and Sarah, the couple divorced in 1978. Princess Margaret died at Kensington Palace in February 2002 and is buried in St George’s Chapel, Windsor, alongside her mother and father. The Earl of Snowdon died in January 2017 and his son David, inherited the earldom to turn out to be the second Earl Snowdown.
Princess Alexandra (1963)
The second royal wedding ceremony to happen within the Abbey through the sixties was that of Princess Alexandra of Kent to Angus Ogilvy. Princess Alexandra is the daughter of Prince Marina and George, Duke of Kent (whose personal wedding ceremony had been held on the Abbey in 1934) and was born on 25th December 1936 in London. On the time of her start, she was sixth in line to the throne, and in the course of the 1950s and 1960s accomplished many royal engagements.
Princess Alexandra was married to the Hon. Angus Ogilvy on the Abbey on the 24th April 1963. As was now customized, the marriage was broadcast to a worldwide viewers of roughly 200 million individuals. The groom was provided a title after the wedding by the Queen, however declined, which means that their two youngsters would haven’t any royal titles. The Hon. Angus Ogilvy died in 2004 and is buried at Frogmore. Princess Alexandra continues to finish royal engagements and attend household occasions.
Princess Anne (1973)
The one daughter of The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, Princess Anne was born on the 15th August 1950 in London. An completed equestrian from an early age, the Princess gained eventing gold and silver medals representing Nice Britain in the course of the 1970s and met her future husband Captain Mark Phillips by way of her involvement with the game. Their engagement was introduced in Might 1973.
They have been married in Westminster Abbey on the 14th November 1973, which was additionally the 25th birthday of the bride’s brother, Prince Charles. As soon as once more the marriage was broadcast on tv, an estimated worldwide viewers of 100 million watched. Captain Phillips was provided an earldom after his marriage to the Princess however declined and the couple’s two youngsters, Peter and Zara Philips, haven’t any royal titles.
The Princess and Captain Phillips divorced in 1992, and in the identical yr, the Princess married Timothy Laurence, who’s now a Vice Admiral within the Navy.
Sarah Ferguson (1986)
The one royal wedding ceremony to be held on the Abbey in the course of the 1980s was that of Prince Andrew, second son of The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, to Sarah Ferguson. Sarah was born in London on the 15th of October 1959 and had met Prince Andrew while rising up. Their wedding ceremony was held within the Abbey on the 23rd July 1986, and the couple was given the titles of the Duke and Duchess of York after their ceremony.
The couple has two daughters, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. After separating in 1992, the couple divorced in 1996, with the Duchess of York relinquishing the title of ‘HRH’ to develop into Sarah, Duchess of York. Though she now not carries out royal engagements, Sarah attends household events, particularly together with her two daughters.
Catherine Middleton (2011)
The newest royal wedding ceremony to be held at Westminster Abbey was that of Catherine Middleton to Prince William of Wales, the elder son of Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales. Catherine was born on ninth January 1982 in Berkshire and met the Prince at St Andrews College, Scotland in 2001, the place they have been each learning for undergraduate levels.
The couple’s engagement was introduced in November 2010, and the Prince gave the sapphire engagement ring that had belonged to his mom to Catherine. The couple was married on Friday, 29th April 2011 in Westminster Abbey; the day was declared a financial institution vacation for the nation to have fun.
A worldwide viewers of a number of hundred million individuals watched the service on tv. The Queen bestowed the dukedom of Cambridge on the Prince, and Prince William and Catherine turned TRH the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. The bride wore an Alexander McQueen robe designed by Sarah Burton, and the Abbey was adorned with eight English maple and hornbeam timber, along with an abundance of flowers sourced from royal estates.
The Duke and Duchess are senior members of the Royal Household and full many engagements in assist of their charitable organisations and help of The Queen. They’ve three youngsters; Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.