On 6 July 1893, another royal wedding ceremony was celebrated on the Chapel Royal, St. James’s Palace, between Prince George of Wales – created Duke of York in 1892 – and Princess Mary of Teck, the longer term George V and Queen Mary. Princess Mary of Teck had been betrothed in December 1891 to Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, eldest son of the Prince and Princess of Wales, who had died prematurely of pneumonia at Sandringham in 1892, the Norfolk residence of the Prince and Princess of Wales.
After a period of mourning, Princess Mary of Teck turned engaged in Might 1893 to Prince George, her erstwhile fiancé’s youthful brother, just as Princess Dagmar of Denmark had been betrothed in an earlier era, to Tsarevich Alexander, the youthful brother of her first fiancé, Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich of Russia, who had died of meningitis at Nice in 1865. As in both royal instances, it in all probability contributed to the success of both marriages, that the couples have been drawn nearer by mutual mourning for the elder brother. The reference to Sandringham was one that continued in the case of the Duke and Duchess of York. The Norfolk residence where Prince Albert Victor had died turning into their selection for both honeymoon and later, most popular house for themselves and their household at York Cottage on the property, where they lived in addition to their official London flats at St James’s Palace.
Regardless of the demise of the younger Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, Queen Victoria continued to favour the selection of Princess Mary “Might” of Teck as a bride for certainly one of her Wales grandsons, commenting approvingly that she was “quiet and reserved… the reverse of oberflächlich…[superficial] [with] such good manners which within the current day [were] not too frequent…”
The wedding befell – after a two-month lengthy engagement – in a sweltering heat of a London summer time, in marked distinction to the marriage day of Prince George’s paternal grandmother Queen Victoria, which started with torrential rain, before she set out for St. James’s Palace on the morning of 10 February 1840. Nor was it the wintry January wedding ceremony of the Queen and Prince Albert’s eldest daughter, The Princess Royal, also celebrated in the Chapel Royal at St. James’s Palace, in 1858. That day, 6 July 1893, was two years exactly to the date because the marriage of one other of her grandchildren, Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein, to Prince Aribert of Anhalt, at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor.
The remembrance of her personal wedding ceremony within the Chapel Royal couldn’t fail to be the subject of wistful comment by the Queen, who by this date had already been widowed for thirty-two years and witnessed her grandson standing where her husband Prince Albert had finished, fifty-three years earlier. The wedding day was also the birthday of the Prince and Princess of Wales’s second daughter, Prince George’s sister, Princess Victoria of Wales, one among Princess Mary’s bridesmaids. As normal when mentioning the royal bride, Queen Victoria sooner or later describes what she herself wore that day, maybe a unconscious protest to her personal widowed state. As Queen Victoria had finished at the wedding ceremony of her youngest son Prince Leopold in 1882, she once more wore the bridal veil she had worn in the Chapel Royal at St. James’s Palace in 1840 (“my pricey wedding ceremony veil”).
Princess Mary of Teck against this wore the wedding veil of her personal mom, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, Duchess of Teck. Her bridal wreath of orange blossom, myrtle and white heather, mirrored what lots of her daughters and daughters-in-law had worn as ornament for his or her wedding ceremony clothes. Princess Mary’s wedding ceremony gown featured decorations of silver bunches of traditional English and Irish flowers tied in a lover’s knot, woven by Messrs Warner of Spitalfields. Princess Mary’s aunt, Grand Duchess Augusta of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who attended the wedding, gave £1,000 in the direction of her niece’s solely British-manufactured trousseau; a pink satin sachet from this trousseau has been preserved in the Royal Collection.
The marriage gown – of white satin – was made by the dressmaker Linton and Curtis of 16 Albemarle Road, London and survives within the Royal Ceremonial Gown Assortment at Kensington Palace. Even the precise Honiton lace handkerchief held by Princess Mary on her wedding ceremony day, also survives in the Royal Collection, with a observe in her own handwriting, figuring out it as such. It’s applicable that the later Queen Mary, who promoted the cataloguing of items inside the Royal Collection so assiduously, has handled an merchandise of such private significance in such an analogous approach, tacitly acknowledging the thing’s personal place in royal history. Within the method during which she has achieved this, nevertheless, Queen Mary differs markedly from Queen Victoria, who virtually definitely would have annotated such an merchandise in additional private language. As an alternative Queen Mary’s handwriting has the more distanced, pragmatic tone of a royal cataloguer, referring to herself without emotion but in addition appropriately, because it having been the handkerchief held by “Victoria Mary Duchess of York”.
The Supplement to the London Gazette for 19 July 1893, reported that the officiating clergy included the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, the Bishop of Rochester as Clerk of the Closet, the Sub-Dean of the Chapels Royal, Rev. Edgar Sheppard, the Home Chaplain to the Prince of Wales, Rev. Canon F.A.J Hervey, the Chaplain to the Duke of York, Rev. Canon Dalton and the Vicar of Kensington and Chaplain to Her Majesty, the Hon. and Rev. E. Carr Glyn. The royal visitors in attendance included Christian IX and Queen Louise of Denmark, the Grand Duke and Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the younger Grand Duke of Hesse, the Tsarevich Nicholas of Russia, Prince Waldemar of Denmark, Prince Albert of Belgium, Prince and Princess Heinrich of Prussia, Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg Gotha, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, Prince and Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, Prince and Princess Heinrich of Battenberg, Princess Louise, Marchioness of Lorne, the Duke of Cambridge and the Duke and Duchess of Teck. The clergy processed into the Chapel Royal by the primary entrance, to Handel’s ‘Occasional March’, which was performed on the organ.
The Tsarevich Nicholas of Russia – the longer term Tsar Nicholas II – stayed at Marlborough Home on the Mall, throughout his go to to England for the royal wedding ceremony, the place he occupied as he put it in his diary, “a comfortable room upstairs between the women and Georgie”. The Tsarevich enormously resembled the Duke of York, which gave occasion for a lot of unlucky misunderstandings, probably the most notable being that made by a gentleman of the Courtroom who approached the Duke of York, considering him to be the Tsarevich Nicholas, to remind him not to be late for his own wedding ceremony the following day. The Tsarevich famous in his diary for 1893: “I met the bride – Might – whom I favored very a lot. We appeared at the presents for her and Georgie which have been laid out in a corner room, a tremendous amount of issues!” (Andrei Maylunas & Sergei Mironenko, A Lifelong Ardour, Pg 27-8, 1997). It’s becoming that a number of the wedding ceremony presents to the longer term Queen Mary, who took such a eager private interest within the Royal Assortment, ought to survive inside it in the present day, introduced to her from the time that she entered the Royal Family; a sapphire and ruby bracelet given to her together with her initials in diamonds, has survived in the Collection, bearing the date of her marriage to the Duke of York. She acquired included a diamond necklace from Queen Victoria. A number of the different presents she acquired she would later present to her granddaughter, Princess Elizabeth on her wedding ceremony in 1947.
The processional route left Buckingham Palace up Constitution Hill to Piccadilly and onto St James’s Palace by way of St. James’s Road and into the Palace by the Backyard Entrance, the royal wedding ceremony visitors being conveyed to St. James’s in 13 carriages, because the London Gazette data in detail. On arrival, Princess Mary of Teck’s ten bridesmaids have been taken to the Princess’s Ready Room by the Vice-Chamberlain to await her. These bridesmaids have been Princesses Victoria and Maud of Wales, Princesses Victoria Melita, Alexandra and Beatrice of Edinburgh, Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, Princesses Margaret and Patricia of Connaught, Princess Alice of Battenberg and Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. Her bridesmaids seem in the pictures made by Lafayette after the wedding, 9 of them all granddaughters of the Queen and the tenth, Princess Alice of Battenberg, mom of HRH Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh and the Queen’s great-granddaughter via her mother, Victoria, Princess Louis of Battenberg. Each of the ten bridesmaids acquired a memento bracelet from the Duke of York, made by the company Collingwood & Co.; the bracelets featured a Rose of York brooch in gold, enamel and diamonds, the historic white Yorkist rose an emblem of the bestowal of his current dukedom the earlier yr.
Princess Mary was escorted up the aisle by her father, the Duke of Teck. The ceremony itself was properly captured in the watercolour manufactured from the marriage by the artist Amadee Forestier, displaying Queen Victoria sat to the best of the altar; perhaps considerably, sitting near the spot the place her beloved husband Prince Albert had stood, as shown within the painting made by Sir George Hayter of her personal marriage in the Chapel Royal at St. James’s Palace in 1840.
The magnificent wedding ceremony cake of the Duke and Duchess of York consisted of three tiers and featured highly ornamental floral ornament, together with white roses, ferns, silver lovers’ knots, shields and the monograms of the bride and bridegroom. The cake was photographed in its personal proper on the Wedding ceremony Breakfast (for some 400 friends) at Buckingham Palace, as have been several of the wedding desserts of the Queen’s youngsters on their marriages in the earlier era. The Queen stepped out onto the world-famous balcony at Buckingham Palace overlooking the Mall, along with the Duke and Duchess of York, to the cheers of an amassed London public. It was not the primary time that she had stepped onto this balcony, now so intently related at present with later royal weddings, the RAF Flypast at the shut of the Trooping of the Color as a part of The Queen’s official annual birthday celebrations. The primary recorded Royal Balcony appearance was that made by Queen Victoria as part of the festivities to mark the opening of the Nice Exhibition in 1851; it offers, subsequently, a very dwelling link with royal weddings, each then and now.
The Duke and Duchess of York turned Prince and Princess of Wales on 9 November 1901, when King Edward VII invested Prince George with the title which he himself bore until the demise of Queen Victoria on 22 January 1901. The Prince and Princess of Wales have been crowned King George V and Queen Mary on 22 June 1911.
©Elizabeth Jane Timms, 2018